The Jade Buddha Temple is a 100 year-old popular shrine located in the northwest of Shanghai. It covers an area of 1.3 hectares with over 200 rooms for different functions. The structural layout is neat and compact. In 1882, a monk, Hui Gen brought five Buddha statues from Burma and left two in Shanghai. One Buddha statue is in the sitting position and the other is reclining. Hui Gen was the first abbot of Jade Buddha Temple. Later, the temple was destroyed in a civil war, but in 1918 a new temple was constructed on the present site.
Jade Buddha Temple follows the typical monastic architecture with golden yellow walls, black roofs, and red lacquered doors. The main buildings along the north-south axis are the Heavenly King Hall, the Grand Hall, and the Abbot’s room. Above the Abbot’s room is the Jade Buddha Chamber and the two jade Buddhas were set there.
China is a multi-religious country and the Chinese people enjoy the freedom of religious belief. There are four prominent religions in China: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, and Christianity. Among these religions, Buddhism boasts the longest history and has had the greatest influence on Chinese culture. In China, Buddhists go to their temple on the 1st and 15th of every Chinese lunar month.